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national future strategies
(21-01) The Analysis of Emerging Issues
In the field of futures studies, signs and signals of the future are called emerging issues. Emerging issues are issues that would bring huge changes to society in the future, although insufficient data regarding emerging issues have appeared at present. In order to identify emerging issues in advance and prepare for them, major futures research institutes around the world put a lot of effort into emerging issue analysis under various names such as weak signals, wild cards, and early warnings. The National Assembly Futures Institute collaborated with Professor Min Song's research team at the Department of Library and Information Sciences, Yonsei University to collect 1.5 million academic literature items and applied its own computer algorithms and machine learning to derive emerging keywords. Emerging keywords are ones that are receiving new attention from experts and are expected to be mentioned more frequently in the future. About 100 domestic experts were provided with emerging keywords and asked to pick out emerging issues using the keywords, and about 70 emerging issues were identified. Researchers at the National Assembly Futures Institute rearranged these into 36 emerging issues and sent them back to 42 experts to evaluate them based on their potentiality and social impact. For example, The escalating conflict between the United States and its global allies and China, new space appeared in response to climate crisis, radical energy transition in transportation and logistics, the increase in asocial behavior, and the appearance of the mosaic family have been raised as emerging issues that will have a great impact on society. In addition, emerging issues such as Robot autonomy and social consensus, emphasis on the public nature of land, entering life in space, and eco-fascism, which are relatively unlikely to occur, but that may have ripple effects on society, were also identified. Emerging issues research can be said to be important in terms of promoting and enhancing the capability of citizens to think about and formulate responses to various changes regarding the future by assessing issues that society has not yet determined the nature of – whether they are problems or opportunities.
(21-02) Education Inequality and Social Mobility in Korea
This study investigated the trend of educational inequality in Korea, focusing on the extent to which family and income background and gender affect access to higher education. Chapter 1 briefly addressed the discourse on overall education inequality in Korea as an introduction. Chapter 2 addressed the inequality and gender gap in college entry, analyzing the latest panel data. Through the analysis, it was found that in terms of admissions to four-year and prestigious universities, the gender gap completely disappeared and differences only existed between classes. However, it was newly found that the gender gap between men and women in lower class is growing with respect to admissions to college and four-year universities. Meanwhile, the gap between men and women in the selection of science and engineering majors was not narrowed, but instead was strengthened. Chapter 3 focused on educational inequality and gender gaps in graduate school advancement in Korea using the latest data. In the graduate school entrance analysis, the influence of the socioeconomic class of the student's family on advancement to graduate school was confirmed. The results showed that the socioeconomic class of the student's family had a statistically significant correlation with graduate school advancement in Korea. In addition, it was confirmed that the degree of the correlation between parents' income and education level and graduate school advancement differs by gender. The findings imply that family background is a more important determinant for women going to graduate school than men. Lastly, Chapter 4 provided implications for policy-making based on these findings.
(21-03) Lifelong Learning Experience and Social Mobility of Underprivileged Groups of Labor Market
The rapid changes in the labor market caused by technology advancement are expected to have a great impact on underprivileged workers who are not highly educated or skilled. For this reason, lifelong learning is necessary for those workers to continuously develop their knowledge and skills in order to deal with changes in the future labor market and improve the social mobility of their social class. The purpose of this study was to understand how and why the lifelong learning experiences of the underprivileged in the labor market have had an influence, or not, on their social mobility. This study specifically explored the motivations of the underprivileged to participate in lifelong learning programs, as well as their perceptions of opportunities and access to the programs. This study further explored how the underprivileged perceive the effects of lifelong learning in terms of changes in human, psychological, and social capital, and how those effects contribute to improving their social mobility. To accomplish the purpose, this study conducted five focus group interviews with 19 workers and one-to-one interviews with seven workers from underprivileged groups in the labor market. The results of this study showed that the underprivileged who participated in lifelong learning programs have, to some extent, experienced changes in human, psychological, and social capital, and those changes contributed to entering labor market or promoting their employability. However, the effectiveness of lifelong learning programs on social mobility was shown to vary according to the social contexts in which the workers were placed, the types of learning programs and curricula offered, and the workers’ motivations to learn and overall learning strategies. This study provides implications for lifelong learning policies that are aimed toward underprivileged workers. Various strategies need to be planned and implemented to improve underprivileged workers’ physical and psychological access to lifelong learning in formal and non-formal educational contexts. As positive experiences in lifelong learning can lead to continuous efforts to learn, comprehensive learning supports need to be provided for underprivileged workers, so that they can experience changes in their work and lives as a result of their participation in lifelong learning. Also, policies need to be established and implemented to integrate lifelong learning and career development programs for disadvantaged workers. In addition, certification systems and recognition of prior learning needs to be advanced and sophisticated in a way to be highly reliable and easily utilized in the labor market and formal education system.
[Futures Brief] Assessment of Future Impact of Science and Technology: European Parliament 2021 Report “Our Response to Unprecedented Issues” (No. 5)
Dr. Park Seong-won (Research Fellow) has confirmed that the economic and social impact was concentrated on the socially disadvantaged and vulnerable groups such as women, youth, and low-skilled workers during the two years after the COVID-19 crisis worldwide. The brief is based on a report containing a parliamentary evaluation for science and technology to respond to COVID-19 by the European Parliament Technology Assessment Network (EPTA). NAFI participates in the EPTA as an associate member. For rapidly addressing social and economic impacts of COVID-19 on the vulnerable groups, parliaments of each country have urged scientific and technological efforts such as provision of COVID-19 response information using advanced IT and the development of vaccines and therapeutics, and also jointly made efforts to respond to the crisis by establishing committees and social channels in which the government, experts, and citizens participate together. In 2021 report, EPTA evaluated that they were impressed by Korea’s efforts to track confirmed cases using advanced IT, to share data such as medical resources, and to gather experts and citizens for discussion on future prospects and countermeasures via the National Assembly.
[National Future Strategic Insight] “Future Vision 2037: Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society” (No. 36)
This report points out that Korea has displayed unprecedented rapid economic growth, but on the other hand, individuals and societies suffer from inequality, polarization, antagonism and confrontation, thereby envisioning “Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society”, emphasizing the need for transition to a society where individuals and communities are not sacrificed for the national development goal but design the future together as equal subjects, and value quality rather than quantitative expansion. The researchers present “autonomy and decentralization”, “diversity”, “priority to the socially vulnerable” as values we have to direct towards, with 12 specific mid- to long-term agendas under four goals “individual capacity and quality of life”, “harmonized community”, “paradigm shift and sustainable growth” and “mediation and cooperation against domestic/international conflicts”. The report is intended to focus on mid- to long-term agendas that three governments should continue to push forward, considering that a new government will be launched in 2022. By analyzing the issues of consensus, potential conflict, and fierce confrontation by each agenda from various perspectives, the report presents a topic for expanding social conversation in the future. This report has been prepared to display the key points of “Future Vision 2037: Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society” of the National Mid-to-Long-Term Agenda Committee (“Committee”), which is an advisory body under the Speaker of the National Assembly established at the end of November 2020 to discover national tasks and future issues required to be continuously discussed beyond the five-year term of the administration. Future Vision 2037 Report is the outcome of Committee-supported research conducted over the past year by forming a joint research team led by NAFI, other government-funded research institutes under the jurisdiction of the National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences (NRC) and the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST), and 60 experts from major universities. “As this report contains national agendas requiring continuous discussion beyond the five-year term of the administration, we plan to use various tools to promote the research results so that the politicians and the public can continue to take interest,” explains Research Fellow Kim Yu-bean of NAFI.
[National Future Strategic Insight] Policies to Support Industries Affected by Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) and Policy Effect Analysis (No. 35)
Performing a survey for 25 experts by Jeong Hoon (Research Fellow) and Yeo Yeong-jun (Associate Research Fellow), respondents answered that “pro forma opinion gathering” and “hasty and exclusive legislative process” are the biggest obstacles of domestic climate policy and legislation. They confirmed that by enhancing policies and legislation, the regulatory restructuring, promotion of domestic industry conversion and export industry support should be integrated. Further, the CBAM-oriented supports should encompass support, protection, promotion and conversion as strategic directions, including tax benefits, funding support, R&D support, distribution/commercialization, infrastructure, customized support for each industry, reasonable transaction framework, innovative system, policy governance, education and publicity. The priority of the proposed industrial support policy tasks was analyzed based on urgency and effectiveness with analytic hierarchy process (AHP), which was given to R&D support, tax benefits, funding support, customized support for each industry, innovative system, distribution/commercialization, infrastructure, policy governance, reasonable transaction framework, and education and publicity in this order. Additionally, the researchers proved the importance and effectiveness of the industrial support policy by analyzing the socioeconomic ripple effect using the computable general equilibrium (CGE) model for “R&D support” with the highest priority, and also confirmed that major macroeconomic indicators such as GDP, social utility, and investment, which had fallen due to the CBAM, recovered somewhat with R&D support, thereby resolving the growth slowdown, as well as indirect effect of promoting carbon neutrality of the power generation sector. “As it was quantitatively confirmed that the implementation of the industrial support policy had positive economic and social effects, we could confirm the need of preparing a systematic industrial support policy for carbon neutrality as well as responding to the CBAM,” explains Dr. Jeong Hoon. “In the policy design, it is necessary to come up with an integrated support plan and improve the system thereby ensuring introduction of regulations that meet the needs of the international community and customized protection and support policies taking into account the structural characteristics of the domestic industry.”
10 Challenges for the Future of Futures Studies
This paper identifies the progress that futures studies has made since its introduction as a single branch of study in the 1960s, and discusses the future challenges and directions of the field. To do so, papers that were published in all volumes of Futures, the first and most representative journal in futures studies, from its first volume to the present (1969-2016), were analyzed. Keywords such as future, future studies, vision of futures studies, shift in paradigm of futures studies, and challenges of futures studies were used to analyze 36 papers that were greatly related to the topic of discussion. As a result, 10 areas of progress and 10 challenges were identified. Keywords: Future of futures studies, vision, shift in paradigm, challenge
Why scenario planning is a waste of time – focus on better understanding the past and present instead
Why scenario planning is a waste of time – focus on better understanding the past and present instead TS Eliot A few years ago, I used to rock up for the occasional UK government-convened scenario planning exercise (I know, exciting life or what?). They were usually run by ex Shell or BP ‘foresight people’ turned consultants and boy, were they disappointing. Asked to identify trends, participants regurgitated what they had read that week in The Economist or Financial Times. We then spent a few hours discussing and clustering them into possible futures, and inordinate time trying to come up with catchy names for the inevitable 2×2 (see below). Why? Well partly, there is always huge attraction in thinking we are somehow able to predict the future (the source of the magnetic attraction over politicians by the more unscrupulous economists). Scenario types always stress that there workshops are not about prediction, just mental gymnastics to prepare us better for the future. But I haven’t seen much evidence of that.
Future subjunctive: backcasting as social learning
Future subjunctive: backcasting as social learning 글. J. Robinson Backcasting represents a form of explicitly normative scenario analysis. This paper reviews some of the key theoretical and methodological issues that are raised by a backcasting approach and discusses how these are addressed in the Georgia Basin Futures Project, a five year participatory integrated assessment project focusing on modeling, scenario analysis and community engagement. The paper argues for a “second generation” form of backcasting, where the desired future is not determined in advance of the analysis but is an emergent property of the process of engaging with users and project partners. In this sense backcasting contributes to a process of social learning about possible and desirable futures.
Evolution of futures studies
Evolution of futures studies 글. Tuomo Kuosa A B S T R A C T This article discusses the evolution of futures studies. The article starts with an evaluation of the different rival taxonomies and definitions for futures studies, and proceeds to discuss the very concept of paradigm. Are there paradigms in this discipline? If we think there are, what kind of arguments can we use to define those? I argue that there have been two paradigms in the evolution of futures studies so far, and there are signs of emergence of a new one. Both of the existing paradigms have had many rival macro-level methodological approaches, ontological and epistemological branches, and phases of evolution. The first paradigm is the age-old prediction tradition that combines thinking about the future into mystic explanations. This line of thinking bases its argument on the deterministic future and effects of the world of spirits. The second paradigmwas basically started in the U.S. military after World War II. This modern line of thinking bases its argument on indeterministic futures, probabilities, aim to control and plan,modelling and systems thinking, and the effects of external trends. The new emerging paradigm may base its line of thinking on disconnecting from the western control based technical thinking, and accepting internal dynamic fluctuations, paradoxes and dialectic thinking.
New Working Appointment in National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI)
New Working Appointment in National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI) National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI; President: Kim Hyeon-kon) announced that personnel changes were made on January 1, 2022. Research Fellow Yoo Hee-soou was appointed as the Director General of Research Support Office, and Research Fellow Kim Eun-ah as the Head of Innovative Growth Group. NAFI expects that this working appointment will enhance the performance of NAFI’s tasks with optimized operations. [Note 1] Working Appointment (Jan. 1) - Yoo Hee-soo, Director General of Research Support Office - Kim Eun-ah, Head of Innovative Growth Group Category Career Description Yoo Hee-soo, new Director General of NAFI’s Research Support Office - Ph.D. in Engineering, Department of Organic Polymer Materials, Tokyo Institute of Technology - Former budget/tax analyzer at National Assembly Budget Office (administrative officer) - Former associate research fellow at R&D Budget Policy Office, Korea Institute of Science & Technology Evaluation and Planning (KISTEP) - Former Senior Researcher of IP team at Samsung Display - Former postdoctoral Researcher, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University Kim Eun-ah, new Head of NAFI’s Innovative Growth Group - Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering, Stanford University - Former Senior Researcher, Chemical Safety Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology (KRICT) (-2019.5) - Former research professor, Department of Environmental Engineering, Ewha Womans University - Former postdoctoral researcher, Research TEAM of Watershed Total Volume, National Institute of Environmental Research (NIER) - Former environmental planning group manager at POSCO - Former UN volunteer, Natural Science Sector of UNESCO (Beijing) - Former researcher of Energy Environment Lab, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
National Assembly’s Blueprint for Korea
National Assembly’s Blueprint for Korea - Compilation of mid- to long-term tasks and solutions that the five-year one-term government cannot properly deal with - Four goals and 12 specific agendas under the theme of “Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society” - One-year joint research of 60 scholars from NRC and other government-funded institutes - NALTAC will deliver the blueprint to presidential candidates of ruling and opposition parties On the morning of December 8, the National Mid-to-Long-Term Agenda Committee (NALTAC) under the Speaker of the National Assembly, held a general briefing session at the reception room of the National Assembly, presenting the “Korea Future Strategy Blueprint” titled “Future Vision 2037: Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society”. In this blueprint, NALTAC pointed out that Korea has displayed unprecedented rapid economic growth, but on the other hand, individuals and societies suffer from inequality, polarization, antagonism and confrontation, envisioning “Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society”. To implement their new vision, NALTAC presented 12 specific solutions under four major goals “individual capacity and quality of life”, “harmonized community”, “paradigm shift and sustainable growth” and “mediation and cooperation against domestic/international conflicts” (see attachment). For “individual capacity and quality of life”, solutions to improve the individual’s quality of life were presented to enable everyone to be respected and interact with each other as dignified democratic citizens, with aid of policies regarding health safety net, underprivileged group’s right to adequate housing, work-learning-life balance, etc. For “harmonized community”, solutions centered on closing the inequity gap and community restoration accordingly expected, including but not limited to cooperative relationship between metropolitan area and regions based on decentralization, social safety net in the employment context, and institutional innovation to ensure worker’s rights. For “paradigm shift and sustainable growth”, authors paid attention on policy approach to create growth engines in terms of digital transformation, Industry 4.0 and carbon neutrality. Finally, the “mediation and cooperation against domestic/international conflicts” covered remedies for restoring political trust and strengthening Korea’s international status, including but not limited to social integration based on negotiations between the ruling and opposition parties, future-oriented smart diplomacy strategy, peacebuilding on the Korean Peninsula, common prosperity of South and North Korea. “Future Vision 2037 covers mid- to long-term national tasks difficult for the five-year one-term government to properly address and shows a path for us to move forward,” said Speaker Park Byeong-seok, who attended the general briefing session. “It is a comprehensive blueprint that gathers the wisdom of domestic scholars in the humanity, social science, science and technology.” “The agendas proposed in the report are what the government should consistently promote for at least the next 15 years,” he also said. “It should be reflected in the new government’s national planning; the National Assembly should consult with the ruling and opposition parties to support it systematically.” NALTAC members, including co-chairpersons Seong Gyeong-ryung, Jeong Hae-gu, and Kim Bok-cheol, were also attended in the session. “The politicians and the public should be aware of the report, and the government must keep on establishing action plans so that the agendas are scaled up to visible policies together with the National Assembly,” they asked to the Speaker. “We will consider various ways to communicate this study’s outcomes to the candidates of the ruling and opposition parties and to the public,” answered the Speaker Park. NALTAC is an advisory body under the Speaker of the National Assembly established at the end of November 2020 to discover national tasks and future issues required to be continuously discussed beyond the five-year term of the administration. Future Vision 2037 Report is the outcome of NALTAC-supported research conducted over the past year by forming a joint research team consisting of 60 experts from NAFI, other government-funded research institutes under the jurisdiction of the National Research Council for Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences (NRC) and the National Research Council of Science & Technology (NST), and major universities. “Future Vision 2037: Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society” is planned to be released in mid-December, and then anyone will be able to access the full text on the NAFI official website. [Attachment] Executive summary of “Future Vision 2037: Transition from Growth-Oriented to Matured Society” * Contact: Kim Yu-bean, Director General of NAFI’s Research Support Office (TEL. 02-2224-9802)
Six Member of National Assembly Had Fierce but Faithful Discussion
Six Member of National Assembly Had Fierce but Faithful Discussion Role of National Assembly to Resolve Inequality and Polarization Kim Hyeon-kon, President of the National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI) announced that the 3rd National Assembly Futures Forum was successfully held under the theme of “Role of National Assembly to Resolve Inequality and Polarization” on November 25. Panelists were Kim Ju-yeong of the Democratic Party of Korea; Yu Gyeong-jun of the People Power Party; Jang Hye-yeong of the Justice Party; Gwon Eun-hee of the People’s Party; Yong Hye-in of the Basic Income Party; and Cho Jeong-hun of the Transition Korea. Part Hyeon-seok, head of NAFI’s Innovative Growth Group, gave a presentation regarding results of the national mid- to long-term policy preference survey and mid- to long-term national agenda planning of the National Assembly on the topic of “Inequality, Polarization and the Role of Parliamentary Politics”. He also suggested active communication between leaderships of the ruling and opposition parties, and strengthened policy capacity of parties to build up mid- to long-term plans, as solutions to alleviate political polarization, In the comprehensive discussion, with Park Myung-kwang (Chairperson of the NAFI Board of Directors) as a moderator, panelists actively exchanged their opinions on several measures to resolve inequality and polarization. Kim Ju-yeong proposed to introduce the National Futures Commission as an operating body by which the ruling and opposition parties lay out and implement practical goals with the top priority on resolving income polarization and inequality. Yu Gyeong-jun argued that social consensus on the definition of inequality and polarization is necessary, pointing out income polarization has been defined using a relative criterion only without consideration of absolute poverty. Jang Hye-yeong criticized the National Assembly for failing to properly represent the people due to bias in wealth, gender, age, and educational background. She pointed out that the National Assembly’s efforts are more important than ever, such as enactment of the Anti-Discrimination Act. Gwon Eun-hee argued that our top priority we must address is to resolve wealth inequality arising out of complex conflicts on taxation and real estate in our society, and emphasized that the National Assembly has to secure tax legitimacy that people agree on with social capital serving as a monitor in the process of parliamentary debate. Yong Hye-in emphasized that the basic income is the most reliable solution for ameliorating inequality, projecting the effects of improving inequality and polarization in all areas of society which are expected from a basic income framework, such as maintaining a certain standard of living and addressing the uncommonly high elderly poverty rate in South Korea. Cho Jeong-hun explained that developing a polarization index would help improve inequality and polarization as an indicator showing the polarity of a proposed bill with the enactment of the Basic Act on Resolving Polarization. “Members may have different political orientations, but they share the common intention to resolve and alleviate inequality and polarization,” said the NAFI President Kim. “NAFI will do our best efforts to make specific study results by reflecting this forum’s discussions in our projects.” This forum was designed to discuss various perspectives, prospects and alternatives focusing on the role of the National Assembly, referring to the NAFI’s survey conducted on staffs working for the 21st National Assembly. The answer ranked first in the survey was that the most urgent agenda is “resolving economic inequality and political/social polarization”, regardless of parties, position and age. The National Assembly Futures Forum is initiated from this year by NAFI as a forum for discussion on major future issues, where members of the National Assembly, political parties, and organizations under the National Assembly, can exchange opinions and alternatives with each other. This event can be viewed again from the NAFI YouTube channel.
National Assembly Futures Forum Will be Held on November 25
National Assembly Futures Forum Will be Held on November 25: “Role of National Assembly to Resolve Inequality and Polarization” Six Members of National Assembly from Each Party Will Attend 3rd National Assembly Futures Forum will be hosted by the National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI; President: Kim Hyeon-kon) on November 25 at under the theme of “Role of National Assembly to Resolve Inequality and Polarization” at the Members’ Office Building. Park Hyeon-seok, head of NAFI’s Innovative Growth Group, will give a presentation on the topic of “Inequality, Polarization and the Role of Parliamentary Politics”, followed by a discussion with Park Myung-kwang, Chairperson of the NAFI Board of Directors, as a moderator. Panelists will be Kim Ju-yeong of the Democratic Party of Korea; Yu Gyeong-jun of the People Power Party; Jang Hye-yeong of the Justice Party; Gwon Eun-hee of the People’s Party; Yong Hye-in of the Basic Income Party; and Cho Jeong-hun of the Transition Korea. This forum is designed to discuss various perspectives, prospects and alternatives focusing on the role of the National Assembly, referring to the NAFI’s survey conducted on staffs working for the 21st National Assembly. The answer ranked first in the survey was that the most urgent agenda is “resolving economic inequality and political/social polarization”, regardless of parties, position and age. The National Assembly Futures Forum is initiated from this year by NAFI as a forum for discussion on major future issues, where members of the National Assembly, political parties, and organizations under the National Assembly, can exchange opinions and alternatives with each other. This event can be viewed in real time on the NAFI YouTube channel.
National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI) Participated in “Futures Dialogue” Hosted by the UN
National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI) Participated in “Futures Dialogue” Hosted by the UN Engaged in Online “Futures Dialogue” Consisting of 40 Youths from 4 Northeast Countries as Observing Collaborator Kim Hyeon-kon, President of the National Assembly Futures Institute (NAFI) announced that NAFI participated in “Futures Dialogue” for peacebuilding in Northeast Asia on October 27 to have a presentation and discussion, which was hosted by the United Nations Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (UN DPPA). The “Futures Dialogue” hosted by UN DPPA in partnership with UNESCO is a part of the project “Futuring Peace in Northeast Asia”. UN-facilitated project “Futuring Peace in Northeast Asia” is that a group of 40 young people from four Northeast countries (Korea, China, Japan and Mongolia) is invited to a virtual dialogue to share their visions and imaginations and to shape policy ideas for Northeast Asia’s peace in 2060. NAFI has been engaged in this project since June as an observing collaborator representing the Republic of Korea. Those young professionals were selected from a public contest held in June, and attended in online conversations twice between July and October. They had the time to summarize common visions they had generated and shared at the “Futures Dialogue” on October 27. The event consisted of three sessions: in the first session, keynote presentations were given by policy researchers working in Northeast Asia. Korea’s representative was Park Seong-Won, head of NAFI Innovative Growth. Youth participants had a discussion under the theme of “how will we achieve a desirable future?” in the second session. It was followed by, in the third session, a discussion of policymakers and experts from each country to shape strategies to innovate in the future. Youth participants approached to future of the Northeast Asia from various aspects, such as generation, gender, aging, technology and environment, anticipating the hopeful future and persistent conflicts across countries. Their future prospects included the formation of new Northeast Asia organization such as the European Union, by which history education would be attempted with “joint textbooks”. Among attendees of the “Future Dialogue”, there were figures of UN DPPA, UNESCO, Asian Development Bank (ADB), and National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP). NAFI sent Park Seong-won, Head of Innovative Growth Group; Cha Jung-Mi, associate research fellow; and Kim Byoung-soo, Head of Research Planning Team. UN DPPA and NAFI are shaping a joint cooperation plan in 2022, including join research for peacemaking in Northeast Asia based on the project outcomes in this year.