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The National Assembly Futures Institute publishes reports that predict and analyze the changes in the future environment based on a comprehensive perspective, and derive mid- to long-term national development strategies in consideration of the preferences of the citizens
[20-2] A Study of Korea’s Happiness Map:Examining Regional Contexts

Date : 2020-12-31 item : Research Report 20-02 P.I : Min Bo-gyeong et al.

[20-2] A Study of Korea’s Happiness Map:Examining Regional Contexts

The  purpose  of  this  study  is  to  examine  regional  conditions  related  to happiness  and  derive  policy  implications,  in  order  to enhance  Koreans’ capacity for happiness.

This study was carried out through the following steps. First, we presented  a  system  of happiness  indicators  to  aid  in  the  understanding  of the  multidimensional  concept  of  happiness.  We  also  introduced  an evaluation  index  that  examines  happiness  levels.  We  then  gathered opinions  from  experts  on  the  happiness  indicator  system  established  in 2019  to  measure  happiness  in  South  Korea.  

Second,  a  happiness  map  of Korea  was  created  through  the  establishment  of  public  statistical  data  and integrated analysis methods. Spatial analysis showed that spatial correlation was relatively large in the proportion of green space, pollution, Basic Living Security  recipients,  leisure  welfare  facilities  for  older  adults, and cultural infrastructure.  In  other  words,  these  indicators  tend  to  be  concentrated around  a  particular  region;  there  are  regional  differences  because  the indicators  have  a  deep  connection  with  neighboring  regions,  and  therefore form clusters.

Third, local case studies were conducted to derive happiness strategies within a regional context. Various local researchers provided case studies  focusing  on  specific  policies  regarding  the  quality  of life  and well-being  of  local  residents.  This  study  proposes  implications for a happiness  measurement methodology  and  measures  to  enhance  happiness as  a  future  strategy.

Through  this  study,  we  hope  that  the  2019  happiness  indicator  system will become more objective and create synergies in the area of happiness research  suitable  for  local  contexts,  through  collaboration  with  research institutes at the municipal and provincial level.