This study proposes a methodological framework for comprehensively diagnosing and analyzing future environmental response capabilities by establishing strategies for addressing environmental changes as well as an indicator system to monitor these responses. Specifically, through in-depth expert interviews and Delphi surveys, we established an indicator system to monitor whether our society is taking the necessary steps to respond to environmental challenges. Furthermore, we derived policy implications for the betterment of society by eliciting and empirically analyzing key indicators. For example, if the aim is to build a healthy super-aged society, it is necessary to monitor the ‘healthy lifespan’ indicator. In working to establish a zero-carbon society and green infrastructure, the ‘national greenhouse gas emissions’ indicators should be studied. To transition to an innovative economy, it is necessary to examine the ‘R&D cost versus GDP’ indicator.
The indicator system derived through this study will be developed further through follow-up research, and we will seek more specific monitoring measures by linking the indicator system to the government's mid-to-long-term plans. Through this ongoing research, we hope to devise practical measures for establishing and operating a reliable future monitoring indicator system based on long-term vision, core strategies, and government mid-to-long-term monitoring indicator systems.